County Seizes 83-Year-Old Retiree’s Home Over $8.41 Debt

An 83-year-old Michigan man is fighting for his livelihood after his county government seized and sold his house over a debt of $8.41 he owed the state.

Uri Rafaeli bought a house in Southfield, Michigan, in 2011, fixing up the property and turning it into a rental, according to Fox News.

Less than three years later, Oakland County seized the house and sold it at an auction for $24,500. Rafaeli had bought the house for $60,000.

Rafaeli’s misfortune is the result of a Michigan property tax law that allows the state to sell houses with unpaid property taxes.

Now, Rafaeli’s case is before the Michigan Supreme Court.

TRENDING: Benghazi Marine Blasts Vindman, and SEAL Who Killed Bin Laden Joins In with Brutally Honest Comments

Christina Martin, a lawyer with the nonprofit Pacific Legal Foundation, is representing the 83-year-old in the case.

Martin has argued that the county’s actions are unconstitutional.

Do you think the county should be ordered to repay Rafaeli for the value of his property?

The Fifth Amendment’s Takings Clause states that private property shall not “be taken for public use, without just compensation.”

Oakland County has offered Rafaeli no compensation for seizing his house — which is now estimated to be worth over $120,000, according to Fox News.

“When the government takes property to settle a debt, they have to give the extra money they make back to you,” Martin told the network.

“It doesn’t matter what law Michigan passes, they have the constitutional obligation to pay back any more than they are owed.”

Rafaeli’s trouble with the state was the result of a simple calculation.

RELATED: American Bar Association Considering ‘Affirmative Consent’ Resolution That Would Destroy Due Process

The county had notified him he had underpaid his 2011 property taxes by $496.

After that, Rafaeli paid his taxes on time and tried to repay his debt in 2013.

Since his interest calculations were off, however, he ended up $8.41 short.

And while Oakland County sent notices to Rafaeli’s rental property and another Michigan address multiple times, Rafaeli never received them, as he had moved out of state.

In 2014, the county seized and sold the property — without Rafaeli even knowing.

He would only discover that his house had been sold when he stopped receiving rent payments from his former tenants.

“You shouldn’t have to rely on the mercy of a tax collector to have your constitutional rights protected,” Martin said. “No amount of mail should allow the government to steal your property.”

Oakland County’s lawyers contested Martin’s claims of unconstitutionality.

“When a taxpayer relinquishes property by failing to pay back taxes and failing to redeem the property before auction, the taxpayer no longer possesses an interest for the government to ‘take,’” they wrote in a legal brief.

“But tax collections are not the taking of private property for public use in the constitutional sense.”

In oral arguments before the court, county attorney John Bursch argued that a precedent of repaying homeowners for seized property could eventually bankrupt the county.

Justice Richard Bernstein expressed skepticism of that argument in his response.

“The interpretation you gave was very dramatic: that this is going to end schools and the counties are going to crumble and society is going to just implode,” Bernstein said.

“You have a situation where people owed $8 and they lost their house. I mean, how is that equitable?”

Rafaeli’s case will be decided before the end of July 2020, according to Fox News.

We are committed to truth and accuracy in all of our journalism. Read our editorial standards.

","rendering_script":"(function() {rnvar referer="";try{if(referer=document.referrer,"undefined"==typeof referer||""==referer)throw"undefined"}catch(exception){referer=document.location.href,(""==referer||"undefined"==typeof referer)&&(referer=document.URL)}referer=referer.substr(0,700);rnvar rcds = document.getElementById("rcjsload_503882");rnvar rcel = document.createElement("script");rnrcel.id = 'rc_' + Math.floor(Math.random() * 1000);rnrcel.type = 'text/javascript';rnrcel.src = "https://trends.revcontent.com/serve.js.php?w=110580&t="+rcel.id+"&c="+(new Date()).getTime()+"&width="+(window.outerWidth || document.documentElement.clientWidth)+"&referer="+encodeURIComponent(referer);rnrcel.async = true;rnrcds.appendChild(rcel);rn})();"}]},"BA1":{"ad_type":"custom","custom_ads":[{"code":"

rn

","rendering_script":"let fbs = document.createElement( 'script' );rnfbs.src = 'https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbadnw60-tag.js';rnfbs.async = 'async';rndocument.head.appendChild( fbs );rnwindow.ADNW = window.ADNW || {};rnwindow.ADNW.v60 = window.ADNW.v60 || {};rnwindow.ADNW.v60.slots = window.ADNW.v60.slots || [];rnwindow.ADNW.v60.slots.push({rntrootElement: document.getElementById( 'fb_ba1' ),rntplacementid: window.innerWidth > 943 ? '1521975967886043_2493230114093952' : '1521975967886043_2262514003832232',rntformat: 'recirculation',rnttestmode: false,rntonAdLoaded: function(rootElement) {rnttconsole.log('Audience Network [ba1] ad loaded');rnttrootElement.style.display = 'block';rnt},rntonAdError: function(errorCode, errorMessage) {rnttconsole.log('Audience Network [ba1] error (' + errorCode + ') ' + errorMessage);rnt}rn});rnrnlet rcs = document.createElement( 'script' );rnrcs.src = "http://www.westernjournal.com///assets.revcontent.com/master/delivery.js";rndocument.body.appendChild( rcs );"}]},"BB1":{"ad_type":"dfp_prebid"},"IC4":{"ad_type":"dfp_prebid","lazy_load":"yes","size_mappings":[{"screen_width":"944"},{"screen_width":"468","creative_sizes":[{"size":"468x60"},{"size":"336x280"},{"size":"300x250"}]},{"screen_width":"1","creative_sizes":[{"size":"300x250"},{"size":"320x100"},{"size":"320x50"}]}],"bidders":[{"name":"appnexus","device_category":"mobile","appnexus_placementid":"13210086","audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":null,"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"ix","device_category":"all","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":"193609","ix_size":[{"size":"300"},{"size":"250"}],"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"ix","device_category":"all","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":"193609","ix_size":[{"size":"336"},{"size":"280"}],"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"ix","device_category":"all","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":"193609","ix_size":[{"size":"468"},{"size":"60"}],"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"ix","device_category":"mobile","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":"193609","ix_size":[{"size":"320"},{"size":"100"}],"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"ix","device_category":"mobile","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":"193609","ix_size":[{"size":"320"},{"size":"50"}],"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"pubmatic","device_category":"all","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":null,"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":"158410","pubmatic_adslot":"ic4_wj","rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null}],"repeating":true},"SB5":{"ad_type":null},"WP1":{"ad_type":"dfp_prebid","size_mappings":[{"screen_width":"1","creative_sizes":[{"size":"1x1"}]}]},"SA1":{"ad_type":"dfp_prebid","size_mappings":[{"screen_width":"944"},{"screen_width":"350","creative_sizes":[{"size":"320x100"},{"size":"320x50"},{"size":"1x1"}]}],"bidders":[{"name":"appnexus","device_category":"mobile","appnexus_placementid":"14827619","audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":null,"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"pubmatic","device_category":"all","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":null,"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":"158410","pubmatic_adslot":"sa1_wj","rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":null,"underdogmedia_siteid":null},{"name":"triplelift","device_category":"mobile","appnexus_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_placementid":null,"audiencenetwork_format":null,"ix_siteid":null,"justpremium_zone":null,"onedisplay_placement":null,"onedisplay_network":null,"onedisplay_bidfloor":null,"pubmatic_publisherid":null,"pubmatic_adslot":null,"rubicon_accountid":null,"rubicon_siteid":null,"rubicon_zoneid":null,"sovrn_tagid":null,"triplelift_inventorycode":"WesternJournal_SA1_mobile_320x50_hdx","underdogmedia_siteid":null}]}},"ad_type":"dfp_prebid","use_fixed_containers":"yes","lazy_load":"yes","scaling_sheet_id":"0","use_sx_units":"yes","replace_ict":"document.querySelector( '.article-extras.trending' ).outerHTML = '

'; (function (d,s,n,id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.className = n; js.src = "https://stream.playbuzz.com/embed/sdk.js?embedId=8c8cbe52-80e8-468f-a95b-ce8f1f39546b"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document,'script','playbuzz-stream','stream-sdk-jssdk_westernjournal.com_RSS'));","cat":"uncategorized"};

FFADS.debug = function( msg ) { if( document.location.href.search( 'ffads_debug=true' ) !== -1 ) { if( typeof msg !== 'undefined' ) console.log( JSON.parse( JSON.stringify( msg ) ) ); else console.log( 'undefined' ); } }

FFADS.content_order = ["SA1","WP1","BB1","Top","IC1","IC2","IC3","IC4","BA1"]; FFADS.sidebar_order = ["SB1","SB2","SB3","SB4","SB5"];

for( let ad_unit in FFADS.units ) if( ( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'dfp_prebid' || FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'hybrid' ) && FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings ) for( let i = 0; i < FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings.length; i++ ) if( window.innerWidth >= FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings[i].screen_width ) { if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings[i].creative_sizes && FF_EXCLUDE_ADS.indexOf( ad_unit ) == -1 ) FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes = FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings[i].creative_sizes.map( function( sizeObj ) { return sizeObj.size.split( 'x' ).map( function( numString ) { return parseInt( numString ); } ); } ); break; }

let new_unit_obj = {}; for( let i in FFADS.content_order ) { FFADS.debug( 'Checking if ' + FFADS.content_order[i] + ' is valid on this page' ); let ad_unit = FFADS.content_order[i].split( '_' )[0]; if( FFADS.units[ad_unit] && ( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'custom' || FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes ) ) new_unit_obj[ad_unit] = FFADS.units[ad_unit]; else { FFADS.debug( FFADS.content_order[i] + ' is not valid on this page. Removing it from content_order.' ); FFADS.content_order[i] = false; } } FFADS.content_order = FFADS.content_order.filter( function( ad_unit ) { return ad_unit && FFADS.units[ad_unit.split( '_' )[0]].lazy_load; } ); if( window.innerWidth >= 944 ) for( let i in FFADS.sidebar_order ) { FFADS.debug( 'Checking if ' + FFADS.sidebar_order[i] + ' is valid on this page' ); if( FFADS.units[FFADS.sidebar_order[i]].ad_type == 'custom' || FFADS.units[FFADS.sidebar_order[i]].sizes ) new_unit_obj[FFADS.sidebar_order[i]] = FFADS.units[FFADS.sidebar_order[i]]; else { FFADS.debug( FFADS.sidebar_order[i] + ' is not valid on this page. Removing it from sidebar_order.' ); FFADS.sidebar_order[i] = false; } } FFADS.sidebar_order = FFADS.sidebar_order.filter( function( ad_unit ) { return ad_unit && FFADS.units[ad_unit].lazy_load; } ); FFADS.units = new_unit_obj;

FFADS.all_bidders = {"adyoulike":{"nicename":"Adyoulike","params":["placement"]},"appnexus":{"nicename":"AppNexus","params":["placementId"]},"audienceNetwork":{"nicename":"Audience Network","params":["placementId","format"]},"ix":{"nicename":"Index Exchange","params":["siteId"],"array_params":["size"]},"justpremium":{"nicename":"JustPremium","params":["zone"],"array_params":["allow","exclude"]},"onedisplay":{"nicename":"Oath","params":["placement","network","bidFloor"]},"pubmatic":{"nicename":"PubMatic","params":["publisherId","adSlot"]},"rubicon":{"nicename":"Rubicon","params":["accountId","siteId","zoneId"]},"sovrn":{"nicename":"Sovrn","params":["tagid"]},"triplelift":{"nicename":"TripleLift","params":["inventoryCode"]},"underdogmedia":{"nicename":"Underdog Media","params":["siteId"]}};

FFADS.pb_units = []; for( let bidder in FFADS.all_bidders ) { FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].param_map = {}; for( let param in FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].params ) FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].param_map[FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].params[param].toLowerCase()] = FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].params[param]; for( let param in FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].array_params ) FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].param_map[FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].array_params[param].toLowerCase()] = FFADS.all_bidders[bidder].array_params[param]; } for( let ad_unit in FFADS.units ) { FFADS.debug( ad_unit + ' type: ' + FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type ); FFADS.debug( ad_unit + ' size mappings:' ); FFADS.debug( FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings ); if( ( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'dfp_prebid' || FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'hybrid' ) && FFADS.units[ad_unit].size_mappings ) { FFADS.debug( 'creating PB unit(s) for ' + ad_unit ); let bids = []; for( let i in FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders ) if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].device_category == 'all' || FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].device_category == 'desktop' && window.innerWidth >= 944 || FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].device_category == 'mobile' && window.innerWidth < 944 ) { let params = {}; for( let param in FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i] ) if( param.search( FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].name.toLowerCase() + '_' ) === 0 ) { let param_name_lower = param.split( '_' ).splice( 1 ).join( '_' ); let param_name = FFADS.all_bidders[FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].name].param_map[param_name_lower]; if( typeof FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i][param] == 'object' ) { params[param_name] = []; for( let j in FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i][param] ) params[param_name].push( parseInt( FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i][param][j][param_name_lower] ) || FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i][param][j][param_name_lower] ); } else params[param_name] = FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i][param]; } bids.push( { bidder: FFADS.units[ad_unit].bidders[i].name, params: params } ); } if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].repeating ) for( let i = 0; i < FF_REP_COUNT; i++ ) FFADS.pb_units.push( { sizes: FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes, bids: bids, code: 'REP_' + i } ); else if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].rep_count ) for( let i = 0; i < FFADS.units[ad_unit].rep_count; i++ ) FFADS.pb_units.push( { sizes: FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes, bids: bids, code: ad_unit + '_' + i } ); else FFADS.pb_units.push( { sizes: FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes, bids: bids, code: ad_unit } ); } FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances = {}; if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].repeating ) for( let i = 0; i < FF_REP_COUNT; i++ ) FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances['REP_' + i] = {}; else if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].rep_count ) for( let i = 0; i < FFADS.units[ad_unit].rep_count; i++ ) FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[ad_unit + '_' + i] = {}; else FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[ad_unit] = {}; } FFADS.prebid_timeout = window.innerWidth > 943 ? FFADS.desktop_bidding_timeout : FFADS.mobile_bidding_timeout;

FFADS.get_unit_path = function( ad_unit ) { return '/' + ( this.dfp_account_id || 101957818 ) + '/' + ad_unit + '_' + ( this.custom_unit_code || 'WJ' ) + ( typeof this.use_sx_units != 'undefined' && this.use_sx_units == 'yes' ? ( window.innerWidth > 943 ? '_LGSX' : '_SMSX' ) : '' ); } FFADS.pbjs_bids_back = function() { FFADS.debug( 'PB bids back for initial units' ); FFADS.pbjs_ready = true; if( FFADS.a9_ready ) return sendInitialAdserverRequest(); } FFADS.render_ad = function( ad_unit, div_id = false ) { div_id = div_id || ad_unit; this.debug( 'refreshing ' + ad_unit + ' into #' + div_id ); this.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].displayed = true; if( this.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'custom' ) eval( this.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].rendering_script ); else googletag.cmd.push( this.request_bids.bind( this, ad_unit, div_id ) ); } FFADS.request_bids = function( ad_unit, div_id = false ) { div_id = div_id || ad_unit;

this.debug( 'requesting bids for ' + ad_unit + ' in #' + div_id );

FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].gt_slot = googletag.defineSlot( this.get_unit_path( ad_unit ), this.units[ad_unit].sizes, div_id ).addService( googletag.pubads() ); window['firefly_pbjs_ready' + div_id] = false, window['firefly_a9_ready' + div_id] = false;

pbjs.requestBids( { bidsBackHandler: firefly_pbjs_bids_back_single.bind( null, ad_unit, div_id ), adUnitCodes: [div_id] } );

setTimeout( sendSingleAdserverRequest.bind( FFADS, ad_unit, div_id ), FFADS.prebid_timeout );

apstag.fetchBids( { slots: [ { slotID: div_id, slotName: this.get_unit_path( ad_unit ), sizes: this.units[ad_unit].sizes } ] }, firefly_a9_bids_back_single.bind( null, ad_unit, div_id ) ); };

FFADS.lazy_load_check = function() { FFADS.debug( 'checking lazy load' );

let wnhc_j = jQuery( '#wj-network-header-container' + ( window.innerWidth < 944 ? ', .jw-above-container.stuck:not( .never-stick ) .jw-sticky-container' : '' ) ).last(); let wnhc = wnhc_j.length ? wnhc_j.offset().top + wnhc_j.outerHeight() : 0; FFADS.debug( 'WNHC bottom is ' + wnhc ); let slide_units = document.querySelectorAll( '.sponsor > div.fixed-size.sliding > div' ); for( let i = 0; i < slide_units.length; i++ ) { FFADS.debug( 'checking margin for' ); FFADS.debug( slide_units[i] ); if( ! slide_units[i].firstElementChild ) break; this_unit_j = jQuery( slide_units[i] ); let max_margin = slide_units[i].parentElement.offsetHeight - slide_units[i].firstElementChild.offsetHeight; FFADS.debug( 'max margin is ' + max_margin ); let distance = wnhc - this_unit_j.parent().offset().top; if( distance > max_margin ) { slide_units[i].style.position = 'static'; slide_units[i].style.paddingTop = max_margin + 'px'; } else if( distance < 0 ) { slide_units[i].style.position = 'static'; slide_units[i].style.paddingTop = '0px'; } else if( slide_units[i].style.position != 'fixed' ) { slide_units[i].style.left = jQuery( slide_units[i].firstChild ).offset().left + 'px'; slide_units[i].style.position = 'fixed'; slide_units[i].style.paddingTop = '0px'; slide_units[i].style.top = jQuery( '#wpadminbar' ).outerHeight() + jQuery( '#wj-network-header-container' ).outerHeight() + ( window.innerWidth < 944 ? jQuery( '.jw-above-container.stuck:not( .never-stick ) .jw-sticky-container' ).outerHeight() : 0 ) + 'px'; } } for( let i = 0; i < FFADS.content_order.length; i++ ) { let ad_unit_id = FFADS.content_order[i]; let ad_unit = ad_unit_id.split( '_' )[0]; if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].repeating ) { if( checkAlmostVisible( document.getElementById( ad_unit_id ), FFADS.lazy_load_threshold ) ) { FFADS.debug( ad_unit_id + ' is almost visible' ); FFADS.content_order.splice( i, 1 ); // splice first in case render_ad fails FFADS.render_ad( ad_unit, ad_unit_id ); } else break; } else for( var j = 0; j < FF_REP_COUNT; j++ ) { let div_id = 'REP_' + j; if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].displayed ) { if( checkAlmostVisible( document.getElementById( div_id ), FFADS.lazy_load_threshold ) ) { FFADS.debug( div_id + ' is almost visible' ); if( j == FF_REP_COUNT - 1 ) FFADS.content_order.splice( i, 1 ); // splice first in case render_ad fails FFADS.render_ad( ad_unit, div_id ); } else break; } } } if( typeof ffsid != 'undefined' && ! FFADS.spot_im_displayed && checkAlmostVisible( document.getElementById( 'respond' ), FFADS.lazy_load_threshold ) ) { var ffrespond = document.getElementById( 'respond' ); var simscript1 = document.createElement( 'script' ); var simscript2 = document.createElement( 'script' ); simscript1.async = simscript2.async = 'async'; simscript1.type = simscript2.type = 'text/javascript'; simscript1.src = 'https://recirculation.spot.im/spot/' + ffsid; simscript2.src = 'https://launcher.spot.im/spot/' + ffsid; simscript2.dataset.spotimModule = 'spotim-launcher'; simscript2.dataset.postUrl = simscript2.dataset.facebookUrl = ffsurl; simscript2.dataset.postId = ffspid; ffrespond.appendChild( simscript1 ); ffrespond.appendChild( simscript2 ); FFADS.spot_im_displayed = true; } if( window.innerWidth > 943 ) for( let i = 0; i < FFADS.sidebar_order.length; i++ ) { let ad_unit_code = FFADS.sidebar_order[i]; if( checkAlmostVisible( document.getElementById( ad_unit_code ), FFADS.lazy_load_threshold ) ) { FFADS.debug( ad_unit_code + ' is almost visible' ); FFADS.sidebar_order.splice( i, 1 ); FFADS.render_ad( ad_unit_code ); } else break; } } var pbjs = pbjs || {}; pbjs.que = pbjs.que || [ function() { FFADS.debug( 'pbjs.que starting' ); } ]; pbjs.bidderSettings = { standard: { bidCpmAdjustment: function( bidCpm, bid ) { let screen_size = window.innerWidth < 944 ? 'SMSX' : 'LGSX'; let factor = 1.0; if( typeof FFADS.units[bid.adUnitCode].scales[screen_size][bid.bidderCode] != 'undefined' ){ factor -= FFADS.units[bid.adUnitCode].scales[screen_size][bid.bidderCode]; FFADS.debug( 'factor for ' + bid.bidderCode + ' in ' + bid.adUnitCode + ' set to ' + factor + '; bid changed from ' + bidCpm + ' to ' + ( bidCpm *= factor ) ); } return bidCpm; } } }; pbjs.que.push(function() { pbjs.enableAnalytics( { provider: 'roxot', options: { publisherIds: ["556182c7-ac68-4d56-8c66-4b4336e28e5e"] } } ); pbjs.setConfig( { priceGranularity: "high", userSync: { iframeEnabled: true, filterSettings: { iframe: { bidders: ['openx', 'pubmatic'], filter: 'include' } } } } ); FFADS.debug( 'adding units to PB' ); FFADS.debug( FFADS.pb_units ); pbjs.addAdUnits( FFADS.pb_units ); let adUnitCodes = []; for( let ad_unit in FFADS.units ) if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].lazy_load ) adUnitCodes.push( ad_unit ); FFADS.debug( 'requesting PB bids for initial units' ); pbjs.requestBids({ bidsBackHandler: FFADS.pbjs_bids_back, adUnitCodes: adUnitCodes }); }); function sendInitialAdserverRequest() { if( FFADS.initialAdserverRequestSent ) return; FFADS.initialAdserverRequestSent = true; FFADS.debug( 'queuing DFP request for initial units' ); googletag.cmd.push(function() { pbjs.que.push(function() { FFADS.debug( 'sending DFP request for initial units' ); let adUnitCodes = []; let dfpAdUnits = []; for( let ad_unit in FFADS.units ) if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].lazy_load ) { if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'hybrid' ) { let pb_bid = pbjs.getHighestCpmBids( ad_unit ); pb_bid = pb_bid.length ? pb_bid[0].cpm : 0; FFADS.debug( 'Prebid bid ' + pb_bid + ' for ' + ad_unit ); if( pb_bid < FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].cpm ) { FFADS.debug( 'Custom code won for ' + ad_unit ); let el = false; if( el = document.getElementById( ad_unit ) ) { el.innerHTML = FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].code; eval( FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].rendering_script ); } else FFADS.debug( 'failed to render custom code in ' + ad_unit + ' since the unit is not on this page' ); continue; } } adUnitCodes.push( ad_unit ); dfpAdUnits.push( FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[ad_unit].gt_slot ); } pbjs.setTargetingForGPTAsync( adUnitCodes ); apstag.setDisplayBids(); googletag.pubads().refresh( dfpAdUnits ); }); }); } FFADS.debug( 'scheduling DFP request for initial units' ); setTimeout( function() { sendInitialAdserverRequest(); }, FFADS.prebid_timeout ); (function () { var gads = document.createElement('script'); gads.async = true; gads.type = 'text/javascript'; var useSSL = 'https:' == document.location.protocol; gads.src = (useSSL ? 'https:' : 'http:') + '//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js'; var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node); })(); var googletag = googletag || {}; googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || [ function() { FFADS.debug( 'googletag.cmd starting' ); } ]; googletag.cmd.push( function() { googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); for( let ad_unit in FFADS.units ) if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].lazy_load && ( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'dfp_prebid' || FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'hybrid' ) ) { FFADS.debug( 'defining slot for ' + ad_unit + ' #' + ad_unit ); FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[ad_unit].gt_slot = googletag.defineSlot( FFADS.get_unit_path( ad_unit ), FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes, ad_unit ).addService( googletag.pubads() ); } googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); firefly_setTargeting(); googletag.pubads().setCentering(true); googletag.enableServices(); } ); function sendSingleAdserverRequest( ad_unit, div_id = false ) { div_id = div_id || ad_unit; if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].adserverRequestSent ) return; FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].adserverRequestSent = true; if( FFADS.units[ad_unit].ad_type == 'hybrid' ) { let pb_bid = pbjs.getHighestCpmBids( div_id ); pb_bid = pb_bid.length ? pb_bid[0].cpm : 0; FFADS.debug( 'Prebid bid ' + pb_bid + ' for #' + div_id ); if( pb_bid < FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].cpm ) { FFADS.debug( 'Custom code won for #' + div_id ); document.getElementById( div_id ).innerHTML = FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].code; eval( FFADS.units[ad_unit].custom_ads[0].rendering_script ); return; } } apstag.setDisplayBids(); pbjs.setTargetingForGPTAsync( [div_id] ); FFADS.debug( 'sending DFP request for ' + ad_unit + ' #' + div_id ); googletag.pubads().refresh( [FFADS.units[ad_unit].instances[div_id].gt_slot] ); } function firefly_pbjs_bids_back_single( ad_unit, div_id = false ) { div_id = div_id || ad_unit; FFADS.debug( 'PB bids back for ' + ad_unit + ' #' + div_id ); window['firefly_pbjs_ready' + ad_unit] = true; if( window['firefly_a9_ready' + ad_unit] ) return sendSingleAdserverRequest( ad_unit, div_id ); } function firefly_a9_bids_back_single( ad_unit, div_id = false ) { div_id = div_id || ad_unit; FFADS.debug( 'A9 bids back for ' + ad_unit + ' #' + div_id ); window['firefly_a9_ready' + ad_unit] = true; if( window['firefly_pbjs_ready' + ad_unit] ) return sendSingleAdserverRequest( ad_unit, div_id ); } !function(a9,a,p,s,t,A,g){if(a[a9])return;function q(c,r){a[a9]._Q.push([c,r])}a[a9]={init:function(){q("i",arguments)},fetchBids:function(){q("f",arguments)},setDisplayBids:function(){},targetingKeys:function(){return[]},_Q:[]};A=p.createElement(s);A.async=!0;A.src=t;g=p.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];g.parentNode.insertBefore(A,g)}("apstag",window,document,"script","//c.amazon-adsystem.com/aax2/apstag.js"); apstag.init({ pubID: 'da224ee9-07c8-4a80-87e4-528df4ac939e', adServer: 'googletag', bidTimeout: FFADS.prebid_timeout }); var a9_slot_arr = []; for( var ad_unit in FFADS.units ) { if( ! FFADS.units[ad_unit].lazy_load ) var a9_slot_arr = a9_slot_arr.concat( [ { slotID: ad_unit, slotName: FFADS.get_unit_path( ad_unit ), sizes: FFADS.units[ad_unit].sizes } ] ); }; FFADS.debug( 'requesting A9 bids for initial units' ); apstag.fetchBids( { slots: a9_slot_arr }, function( bids ) { FFADS.debug( 'A9 bids back for initial units' ); FFADS.a9_ready = true; if( FFADS.pbjs_ready ) return sendInitialAdserverRequest(); } );

Loading...